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Thirukoshtiyur

Thirukoshtiyur - Sri Sowmya Narayana Perumal Temple

Sri Uraga Mellanayaan is the presiding deity of the Thirukoshtiyur temple and the moolavar gives darshan in sleeping posture. The utsavar is called Sri Sowmya Narayana perumal and thayar in a seperate sannadhi is Thirumagal nachiyar.
Thirukoshtiyur Sowmya Narayana Perumal Temple
Sowmya Narayana Perumal Temple Tirukottiyur
Thirukoshtiyur, derived from its native name Thirukotiyur. During Kritha yuga, Rishis, devas and people were tortured, anguished by the asura Hiranyakashipu as the vengeance for hiranyaksha's death in hands of Lord Vishnu in the form of Varaha Avatar. Devas, Rishis approached Brahma and Shiva for the solution. In response Brahma, Shiva, all devas, Saptha Rishis decided to meet at one place to discuss regarding. Finally all chose Thirukotiyur as the spot. Together they came like a group and so the name came as Thirukoshtiyur, koshti means in group or as a team. 

The shrine for Narayana is constructed in form of three stages, similar to that of three floors in a building. This interprets as Boologam (earth), Thiruparkadal, Vaikundham. Narayana appears in three stages in three forms. In Ground floor as Krishna in dancing posture. Next level he is sayana thirukolam (sayana = reclining, thirukolam = posture), a posture resting on Adhisesha. And top most level in standing posture as Sri Sowmya Narayana Perumal. This form of appearances of Narayana is been poetically described as Nindran (means Standing posture), Kidanthan (means sleeping posture), Aadinan (means dancing posture) by Alwars.

Thriugostiyoor is the birth place of Thirugostiyoor Nambi, who is also named as "Selva Nambi". He was the guru of Sri Ramanujar, who was preached with the "Ashtakshara Mantram".


The Ashtanga vimanam of the temple is a rare one and such kind of vimanam is present in very few temples like Madurai Koodal Azhagar temple, Uttiramerur temple and Vaikunda perumal temple in Kanchipuram.
Sowmya Narayana Perumal Temple Tirru Koshtiyur
Ashtanga Vimana Temple Thiru Kostiyoor
Thirukoshtiyur Nambigal and Ramanujar Temple
Ramanujar : There exist an important relationship between Sri Ramanuja and Thirukoshtiyur. Ramanuja was advised by Thirukachi Nambigal (Thirukachi is place and Nambigal means sage) to visit Thirukoshtiyur and learn the ' Sacred 8 letter hymn ', Ashtakshara manthra from Thirukoshtiyur Nambigal(i.e. Thirukoshtiyur sage). Accordingly, Ramanunja travelled 18 times all the way from Srirangam to Thirukoshtiyur for learning the "Ashtakshara Manthram" ("Ohm Namo Narayanaya!!") from the Thirukoshtiyur nambigal. Each time Ramanuja tried to meet the Nambigal but was ultimately rejected by Nambigal. This continued for 17 times and at last 18th time when Ramanuja arrived and knocked the doors of Nambigal ashram saying "Adiyen Sri Ramanujan vanthurukiren..!" ( which means "Beloved student Sri Ramanuja here!!") on which he was allowed to enter. The reason why Ramanuja was denied 17 times and allowed during his 18th time is that, Ramanuja introduced himself as "Adiyen Dasan Ramanujan" (means Beloved student Ramanuja ) in 18th time unlike his past visits in which he introduced himself as "I'm Ramanuja arrived..". The word " I'm " shows his egotism for which he was rejected. Whereas his ego vanished in this 18th visit and made him eligible for the learning of Ashtakshara manthram.

Thirukoshtiyur Nambigal blessed Ramanuja with the 'Sacred 8 letter hymn' Ashtakshara manthram ("Ohm Namo Narayanaya!!") and told him not to preach to anyone. Nambigal also warns that if Ramanuja disobeys the order, Ramanuja will attain hell. Ramanuja climbing to the top of temple, summoned the whole village people and delivered the Ashtakshara manthram. The act enkindled nambigal and he started questioning, for which Ramanuja replied "Because of the manthram many will attain moksha for which I am glad to go to hell". Nambigal was overwhelmed with kindness showed by Ramanuja and he bestowed the name "Emperumanar" on Ramanuja. It is said the event happened in front of Sri Lakshmi Narasimhaswami sannidhi, small shrine like present on the way towards the Sowmya Narayana Perumal sannidhi, third stage.
Thirukoshtiyur - Sri Sowmya Narayana Perumal Temple
திருக்கோஷ்டியூர் - ஸ்ரீ சௌம்ய நாராயண பெருமாள் திருக்கோவில்
Main Deity
Lord Vishnu
Moolavar Name
Utsavar Name
Uraga Mellanayan Perumal
Sowmya Narayana Perumal
Goddess Name
Thiru Maamagal
Location
Thirukoshtiyur,
Ancient Name
Tirukotiyur
Significance
One of the 108 divya desams.
One of the Paandya naatu thiruthalangal
Ramanuja learnt the Ashtakshara thiru mandiram
Divya Desam with a Three Tier Ashtanga Vimana
Avathara Sthalam of Thiru Koshtiyur Nambi
Travel Base
karaikkudi or Tirupathoor
How to reach : Thirukoshtiyur is a village located near Tirupathur (on Tirupathur-Sivaganga road) on the way to Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu. It is 9 km from Thirupathur.
Temple is reached from 26 Kilometers North of Sivagangai Railway Station and 30 Km West of Karaikudi Junction. Buses are available from karaikkudi, Tirupathoor, Sivagangai, Madurai, Trichy. 
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